Strictly speaking, the word Abstraction means to separate or withdraw something from something else. The term can be applied to art that is based on an object, figure or landscape, where forms have been simplified.
In the many discussions of the Hypnagogic Abstraction which have taken place comparatively little attention has been given to hypnagogic phenomena, although they would seem to throw much light on the problems of the dream.
The basic premise of abstraction – incidentally, a key issue of aesthetics – is that the formal qualities of a painting (or sculpture) are just as important (if not more so) than its representational qualities.
The abstractionist painting was born in Russia in the early twentieth century. The precursor of abstraction in painting was Wassily Kandinsky, however, the very notion of abstraction in art, and not only in art accompanied people since forever.
Abstract Expressionism by Asmodelle. The abstract expressionists were mostly based in New York City, and also became known as the New York school.